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CROUP

Croup is a very common illness that affects children and has the potential to be mild in symptoms or even dangerous to life threatening if it goes untreated. Children from the ages of 6 months to 3 years have a chance of contracting “Croup” on average once or twice and can be linked to other “respiratory illness“. It is always a good measure for Parents and Guardians to take “all” respiratory illness” as serious and seek further medical advice, “We need to breath to live

Croup is an infection that causes swelling of the voice box “larynx” and windpipe “trachea“, making the airway just below the vocal cords inflamed, swollen and narrow. This makes breathing both noisy and difficult. There are two main types of Croup and as such must be seen as “Infectious”

Different Types of Croup

  • Viral Croup – This is the most common type of Croup and is the result of viral infection in the voice box or airway, Temperatures range from low fever to 39C/104F. Often Viral Croup will start with a cold that slowly turns into a “Barking Cough”. The child’s voice will become hoarse with noisy breathing “Stridor”.

Stridor” is the coarse musical sound that comes with breathing through an inflamed-swollen airway. The danger of “Croup with Stridor sounds” is that the airway is continuing to swell. If this happens it may reach a point when your child cannot breath at all. “Stridor” should always be assessed by a physician to prevent the danger of a closed airway. Stridor is common with mild Croup and increases with activity or crying, however if Stridor persists while the child is resting, it can be a sign of severe Croup and you must seek medical aid. Stridor may also be a sign of a serous breathing problem such as Epiglottitis.

  • Spasmodic Croup – This form of Croup is caused by a mild upper respiratory infection or even an “Allergy” normally no fever is present. This is the scariest form of Croup as it has a “sudden” onset and often presents in the middle of the night. The child will go to bed with mild “Cold” like symptoms then wake up gasping for breath with hoarse beathing, a barking cough and “stridor”. As the child’s effort to breath increases their energy levels will decrease, they may even stop eating or drinking and eventually become “too tired to cough“, if this is the case “seek medical attention immediately

Treatments

“Always consult a medical professional before treating illness on your own, home made remedies may not have the desired effect and may make the illness-symptoms worse”

  • If your child wakes up in the middle of the night with Croup, take them into the bathroom, close the door, then turn on the shower on the hottest setting “Do not put them in the shower“. The “Steam” from the shower is what you need for over 15-20 minutes, this will help ease the symptoms as you sit in the bathroom with the child. “The child will still have the barking cough though”,
  • For the rest of the night “and 2 to 3 nights after“, try to use a “cold” water vaporizer or humidifier in your child’s room. Your child may have another attack of Croup even within the same night, if they do repeat the shower steam treatment. Steam almost always works, if it does not, try fresh night air and open up the window of their room “wide“. If the child still persists with coarse hoarse breaths and Strider contact your local Medical Professional.

“In Alberta Canada you can contact “811” to contact the Alberta Health Link, a Registered Nurse or Paramedic will help you with treatments and options, they may also refer to you to bring the child into a Hospital for treatment.”

In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!

Learn First Aid Today, Save a Life Tomorrow, let first aid training in Edmonton be your Saving Grace

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The Emergency Medical Services

Most common it is believed that the Emergency Medical System starts with paramedics and nurses, in point of fact it is that the Emergency System begins with “You“. There are many reason’s why you may hold back from helping someone in an emergency, fear of infection, fear of Liability, fear of repercussions or even fear of helping in the wrong way.

Within our First Aid programs we touch on many subjects like the “Rule of 3’s“, this rule is simple and can help you see the benefit of early CPR and Emergency Response. To sum up the “Rule of 3’s“, on average, how many weeks can a human service without food? “3 weeks” On Average, how many days can a human survive without Water “3 Days“. On Average how many minutes does your brain have without Oxygen before damage occurs? “3 MinutesNOW – How long does it take for an Ambulance to arrive? For this reason you can see how easy it can be for Paramedics and Emergency Response personnel to arrive to late, CPR is in “YOUR” hands.

Just remember that in Alberta you are “NOT” obligated to perform any act of First Aid even if you are certified. However we do hope that you would help or at the very least Call 911.

Even if your nervous calling 911 is still helping. Emergency workers will only come and help if you call 911.

Remember Protect yourself!!! Call 911!!! & Don’t Wast Time!!!

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Sudden Medical Emergencies “Part 5 – Miscarriage”

One heart felt and unfortunate emergency that you may have to deal with is a “Miscarriage“. A miscarriage is the spontaneous termination of a pregnancy and can often happen within the first 20 weeks after conception. Treating the mother for “Shock” will be the main focus of First Aid assistance during this traumatic emergency. There are some key steps to help, but the main point is to “remain calm, and supportive“.

Causes:

  • Hormonal or Genetic Reasons
  • Certain illnesses
  • Abnormalities in the womb
  • Age
  • Infection
  • Trauma
  • Chemical exposure

What to watch for:

  • Anxiety
  • Cramp-like pain that is similar to labor or menstruation
  • Vaginal bleeding

NOTES TO REMEMBER:

  • Never pass judgement “Keep personal opinions in check
  • Offer support and comfort
  • Risk of miscarriage drops as pregnancy progresses
  • Always consult a physician, your doctor will know what you can do to help reduce the risks of a preventable miscarriage.

How to help in Miscarriage:

  1. Check the area, once the area is safe, Check the person and ensure the persons ABC’s are present “Airway / Breathing / CirculationREMEMBER – Wear gloves if available to avoid bodily fluids.
  2. Call 911 and get an AED if you are alone, you suspect a Head / Neck or Spine injury, there is a motor vehicle collision, dangerous environment or the injured persons life could be at risk.
  3. Care for the Miscarriage by:

Always follow recommendations by your Emergency Response professionals and 911 Dispatch personnel. “Never endanger yourself or the woman, you may “not” need to move or roll the woman

  • If there are other life threatening injuries, treat those first as quickly as possible with as little movement to the injured person.
  • a) Attempt to calm and comfort the woman.
  • b) For Bleeding” Gently place a large dressing over the vaginal area. “DO NOT” put anything into the vagina.
  • c) Treat the woman for shock, perform a secondary survey and treat any non-life-threatening conditions.
  • d) Provide continual care until you see a Doctor or EMS arrive.

Just remember to be calm, and if you are not sure or you feel overwhelmed call 911 and medical professionals will help.

In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!

Learn First Aid Today, Save a Life Tomorrow, let first aid training in Edmonton be your Saving Grace

Saving Grace Medical Academy Ltd

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Bone, Muscle & Joint Injuries “Part 3 Splinting”

Our previous installments of Bone Muscle & Joint injuries focused on what to look for, now that we have discovered an injury we have some basic techniques to cover on “how to treat them” while you await an ambulance or while you are on rout to a medical facility. Always remember that “you may not have to move a patient” waiting for a Medical Professional may help minimize further injury.

Splints:

A splint is a device used for support or immobilization of a limb or injured body part. It can be used in multiple situations, including temporary immobilization of potentially broken bones or damaged joints and support for joints during activity.

  • Soft Splints – Blankets / Towels / Pillows / Bandages
  • Hard Splints – Wood / Tree Branch / Newspaper / Cardboard
  • Anatomical Splints – Use another marching body part for support
  • Slings – Upper limbs only, Uses the neck to support the arms weight.

How to apply a Splint:

  1. Determine which type of “Splint” will help the casualty get the most comfort out of the least amount of movement of the injured body part. “Soft / Hard / Anatomical / Sling” Use what you have available. Your splinting material should be able to cover the injury both above and below with plenty of room to secure it in place.
  2. Check for skin temperature & color below the injured area before and after splinting “check circulation“. The area should be warm, indicating good circulation. If the area is cold before splinting, “Seek Medical Attention Quickly“. If the are was warm before splinting and cold afterwards, the splint may be too tight. “Loosen it gently
  3. When possible, splint the injured part in the position in which it was found. “Movement may increase pain and lead to long term damage or side effects“. Always consult a medical professional before moving a damaged body part.
  4. For bone and joint injuries, immobilize the injury “above & below” the site of the injury. by using bandages / rope / belts to secure the splinting material in place.

How to help with a Bone, Muscle & Joint Injury:

  1. Check the area, once the area is safe, Check the person and ensure the persons ABC’s are present “Airway / Breathing / CirculationREMEMBER – Wear gloves if available to avoid bodily fluids.
  2. Call 911 and get an AED if you are alone, you suspect a Head / Neck or Spine injury, there is a motor vehicle collision, dangerous environment or the injured persons life could be at risk. “If you expect the ambulance to arrive shortly, keep the person still and do not splint the injury. If the ambulance can be delayed “Immobilize the injury in the position found” NEVER straighten a broken bone without medical assistance and expertise”
  3. Care for the Bone Muscle & Joint Injury by:

Always follow recommendations by your Emergency Response professionals and 911 Dispatch personnel. “Never endanger yourself or the victim, you may “not” need to move or roll the injured person

  • If there are other life threatening injuries, treat those first as quickly as possible with as little movement to the injured person.
  • a) Treat the injury using the “R.I.C.E” method
  • b) Cool the injured area for 20 minutes of every hour for the first 24 to 48 hours. If you use ice, put some sort of thin cloth or pad between it and the bare skin to avoid freezing the skin.
  • c) Elevate the injured are above the level of the heart if possible. “Often a position of comfort is more than enough to help alleviate pain and swelling

In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!

Learn First Aid Today, Save a Life Tomorrow, let first aid training in Edmonton be your Saving Grace

Saving Grace Medical Academy Ltd

#BoneMuscleJointInjuries #FirstAid #FirstAidCourseEdmonton #BLS #BCLS #BLSforHCP #BLSCourseEdmonton #ACLS #AdvancedCardiovascularLifeSupport #EMR #EmergencyMedicalResponder #H2SAlive #H2SAliveEdmonton

#Splints #Slings

#HowToMakeSplints #Sprains #Strains #Dislocations #Fractures

Bone, Muscle & Joint Injuries “Part 2”

Sprains, strains, dislocations and fractures are our main focus for this second installment of Bone, Muscle & Joint Injuries. A muscle cramp is not actually an injury, it is a painful condition that can be caused by heavy exercise or by staying in the same position for too long. You can help a casualty with cramps, sprains, dislocations & fractures by utilizing a very similar set of First Aid steps.

Muscle Cramp Assistance:

  • RestHave the casualty find a position of comfort”
  • StretchMassage and stretch the injured area with the cramp
  • Change the positions of the injured area.

Bone, Muscle & Joint Injure Assistance:

R.I.C.E:

  • RestHave the casualty sit or lay in a position of comfort
  • Immobilize “Use splints to help keep the injury in a neutral position
  • Cold “Cold packs help reduce inflammation and swelling”
  • Elevate “A relaxed position slightly elevated will help ease swelling”

Splints:

A splint is a device used for support or immobilization of a limb or injured body part. It can be used in multiple situations, including temporary immobilization of potentially broken bones or damaged joints and support for joints during activity.

  • Soft Splints – Blankets / Towels / Pillows / Bandages
  • Hard Splints – Wood / Tree Branch / Newspaper / Cardboard
  • Anatomical Splints – Use another marching body part for support
  • Slings – Upper limbs only, Uses the neck to support the arms weight.

How to help with a Bone, Muscle & Joint Injury:

  1. Check the area, once the area is safe, Check the person and ensure the persons ABC’s are present “Airway / Breathing / Circulation” REMEMBER – Wear gloves if available to avoid bodily fluids.
  2. Call 911 and get an AED if you are alone, you suspect a Head / Neck or Spine injury, there is a motor vehicle collision, dangerous environment or the injured persons life could be at risk. “If you expect the ambulance to arrive shortly, keep the person still and do not splint the injury. If the ambulance can be delayed “Immobilize the injury in the position found” NEVER straighten a broken bone without medical assistance and expertise”
  3. Care for the Bone Muscle & Joint Injury by:

Always follow recommendations by your Emergency Response professionals and 911 Dispatch personnel. “Never endanger yourself or the victim, you may “not” need to move or roll the injured person

  • If there are other life threatening injuries, treat those first as quickly as possible with as little movement to the injured person.
  1. a) Treat the injury using the “R.I.C.E” method
  2. b) Cool the injured area for 20 minutes of every hour for the first 24 to 48 hours. If you use ice, put some sort of thin cloth or pad between it and the bare skin to avoid freezing the skin.
  3. c) Elevate the injured are above the level of the heart if possible. “Often a position of comfort is more than enough to help alleviate pain and swelling”

In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!

Learn First Aid Today, Save a Life Tomorrow, let first aid training in Edmonton be your Saving Grace

#BoneMuscleJointInjuries #FirstAid #FirstAidCourseEdmonton #BLS #BCLS #BLSforHCP #BLSCourseEdmonton #ACLS #AdvancedCardiovascularLifeSupport #EMR #EmergencyMedicalResponder #H2SAlive #H2SAliveEdmonton

#Splints #Slings

#HowToMakeSplints #Sprains #Strains #Dislocations #Fractures

Bone, Muscle & Joint Injuries “Part 1”

Sprains, strains, dislocations and fractures are all part of this portion of First Aid training as its such a common injury during almost any every day task. Slips, trips, falls, improper lift techniques or just plain accidents, your body can be subjected to twists, turns and impacts that can cause damage to almost any body part. In this portion it would seem that the amount of information can be staggering, but we can break it down into the basic groups on what we can do, what we should avoid doing, and what helps the victim feel the most comfortable during this injury.

What is it?:

  • Sprain – “The stretching or tearing of ligaments at the joints”
  • Strains – “Stretching and or tearing of muscles or tendons from their natural position causing damage and pain”
  • Dislocations – “An injury that moves a bone out of its normal position at a joint.”
  • Fracture – “A break, chip, or crack in a bone. In an “open” fracture, the bone breaks through the skin, in a “closed” fracture, the skin is not broken.”

Causes:

  • Falls
  • Awkward or sudden movements
  • Motor vehicle collisions
  • Direct blows to the body
  • Repetitive forces, such as running “Stress fractures”
  • Contact or non-contact sports

Prevention:

  • Always wear seat belts & shoulder restraints when your in a vehicle.
  • Small children must be in an approved and properly installed child restraint system when in a vehicle “Car seat / booster seat”
  • During activities, wear the appropriate safety equipment correctly “Helmets, goggles & pads to help save you from injury”
  • Put non-slip adhesive strips or a mat in the bath to prevent falls
  • Wear proper sports equipment to avoid injury
  • Check water depth before diving
  • Stretch before exercising
  • Enter above ground pools always feet first
  • Know your limits, when you are too tired or frustrated, take a break.
  • Falls are the leading cause of injuries among the elderly. Reduce the risk with safety measures like “Good lighting, Sturdy railings, Non slip floors or rugs”

In our next post on Sprains, strains, dislocations and fractures we will focus on what to do to help a person once the injury has occurred. Bone, muscle, and joint injuries are almost always painful. Without first aid, they can lead to serious injuries and even permanent disabilities. In some cases, they can be life-threatening.

In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!

Learn First Aid Today, Save a Life Tomorrow, let first aid training in Edmonton be your Saving Grace

Saving Grace Medical Academy Ltd

#BoneMuscleJointInjuries #FirstAid #FirstAidCourseEdmonton #BLS #BCLS #BLSforHCP #BLSCourseEdmonton #ACLS #AdvancedCardiovascularLifeSupport #EMR #EmergencyMedicalResponder #H2SAlive #H2SAliveEdmonton

#Splints #Slings

#HowToMakeSplints #Sprains #Strains #Dislocations #Fractures

ACLS “AKA” Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support for HCP’s

One of the new programs now being offered at Saving Grace Medical Academy is the ACLS Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support course taught through the Alberta Heart & Stroke Foundation. One of the highest level’s of resuscitation available, ACLS Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support focuses on the systematic approach on high quality advanced emergency medical techniques. This program has been selected by Alberta Health Services as the standard for all “Advanced” medical professionals entering the emergency medical field.

This course offers a video-based and instructor led advanced course that expands on the Basic Life Support or “BLS” cpr skills for health care providers. Stressing the importance of continuous, high quality CPR, ACLS takes the Basic Life Support Training to the next level and brings out the importance of medical intervention during cardiopulmonary arrest along with immediate post cardiac arrest, dysrhythmia, coronary syndromes as well as stroke’s.

Alberta Heart & Stroke Foundation’s ACLS course presents:

  • Improved resuscitation science leading to a better patient outcome
  • Simulations and scenarios based on realism
  • Instructor’s with experience that can help adapt the program to local protocol’s.

Who can take this class?

  • ACLS Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support is designed for advanced health care professionals who either direct or participate in management of cardiopulmonary arrest and other cardiovascular emergencies.
  • EMS Emergency Medical Service Professionals, EMT’s / Paramedics.
  • Emergency Medicine Professionals – Nurses / RN’s / LPN’s / Respiratory Therapists RT’s
  • Intensive Care specialists – Doctor’s
  • Critical Care Units
  • Any employment that requires an “Advanced Medical Directives” such as physicians, nurses or paramedics.

The Heart & Stroke Foundation recommends that only those who will use the skills of ACLS within their scope of practice take the ACLS course. All students who meet the prerequisites and successfully pass the ACLS course will receive a course completion card attached to your “HSF ID number“.

Course Content:

Recent scientific evidence has pointed a direction towards better content, while educational research has been led to improve design of the ACLS Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support Provider course. The ACLS course emphasizes 3 major concepts.

  1. Crucial importance of High Quality CPR cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  2. Integration of BLS Basic Life Support with ACLS interventions
  3. Team Interaction and communication during resuscitation.

Students will practice the application of many skills in simulated cases and will practice both Team Leader and team member roles while practicing:

  • High Quality BLS Basic Life Support CPR for HCP’s
  • Airway management
  • Systematic approach to scenario management
  • Rhythm recognition “ECG”
  • Defibrillation “AED Manual & Automatic
  • IV intravenous / IO intraosseous techniques
  • Medication assist or admin
  • Cardioversion
  • Team Dynamics
  • Trans cutaneous Pacing

Course Duration:

  • New Students – 12 Hours (+-) 20 Minutes broken up into a 2 day 6 hour each program.
  • Renewing Students – 6 Hours (+-) 35 minutes – Completed in a 1 day program.

To qualify for a renewal you must complete the renewal program BEFORE your certificate expiresACLS certification lasts for 2 years.

Here at Saving Grace Medical we hope that all this information helps you achieve a higher level of education and get the course you need when you need it. We look forward to hearing from you and helping you achieve the career you desire.

In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!

Learn First Aid in Edmonton Today, Save a Life tomorrow with Saving Grace Medical Academy Ltd

#FirstAid #FirstAidCourseEdmonton #BLS #BCLS #BLSforHCP #BLSCourseEdmonton #ACLS #AdvancedCardiovascularLifeSupport #EMR #EmergencyMedicalResponder #H2SAlive #H2SAliveEdmonton #OnlineFirstAidCourse

Wound Care – Part 6 “Knocked-Out Teeth”

There are so many injuries that your body can sustain, prevent and heal, unfortunately Teeth are a unique problem as “Teeth don’t heal themselves“. During our first aid program we have had many questions regarding teeth and how we can preserve, maintain and fix them after they have been damaged. What should I do with a knocked-out tooth? Can the tooth be put back after its been broken or knocked-out? To make things simple, its not always a sure thing “putting the tooth back” sometimes depending on the injury the Dentist will know more, and have a specific plan to repair the damage and minimize risk or long term effects of the injuries. For first aid we will focus on the best way known to help preserve the tooth so that it has a better chance of being put back by a trained Dental Professional.


Common Causes:

  • Any forceful blow or impact that involves the mouth

Prevention:

  • Wear PPE or Personal Protective Equipment when available
  • During Sports activities use a mouth guard or face mask-Always wear a seat belt while in a motorized vehicle
  • Avoid eating or drinking in a moving vehicle if possible

What it Looks Like:

  • Missing tooth “Hole where the tooth should have been
  • Bleeding from the gums or mouth “Often minimal bleeding
  • Pain in the mouth
  • Deformed tooth “Piece’s missing


How to Help:

  1. Check the area, once the area is safe, Check the person and ensure the persons ABC’s are present “Airway / Breathing / CirculationREMEMBER – Wear gloves if available to avoid bodily fluids.
  2. Call 911 if you suspect the injuries could be severe, if there are airway could be blocked or there is excessive bleeding.
  3. Care for the Knocked-Out tooth by:
  • Control bleeding by having the person bite down on a clean dressing.
  • Carefully pick up the tooth “Or Piecesby the crownwhite partnot by the root.
  • Rinse off the tooth or pieces “gently” with water. DO NOT scrub or remove tissue fragments that may be attached.
  • Put the tooth in “Milk is preferred” or “Calcium Enriched Soy/Almond milk or water” If there is no milk or water wrap the tooth in a clean cloth or gauze with some of the persons own saliva. Seal the the tooth or pieces in a container and label it with date and time “keep it with the person
  • Seek medical attentionDentist or Emergency Room Dentist” as soon as possible. Chances for repair of the tooth is the highest in the “First Hour after Damage”

With any head injury it is always a good idea to seek further medical attention to avoid complications that may include the Head / Neck or Spine.


In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!


Swoop into First Aid and give a breath of Life, let first aid training in Edmonton be your Saving Grace.


#KnockedOutTooth #FirstAidTrainingCourseEdmonton #H2SAlive #BasicLifeSupportBLSforHCPs #H2SAliveCourseEdmonton #BCLSCourseEdmonton

Wound Care – Part 3 “Puncture Wounds”

 Our third look into Wound Care will mainly focus on Puncture wounds and what we can do to help someone experiencing this type of emergency. Puncture wounds happen “all the time” and can easily be defined as “when something pointed creates a hole in the skin” or when an embedded object within the skin has been removed. This can be very painful, lead to blood loss, internal damage, infection and many other complications. With an “Embedded or Impaled Object NEVER remove the object” leave the object in place for medical professionals to remove to reduce further injury. For this post lets utilize the information we have gained in previous clips to assess, evaluate and control the hazards and injuries associated with Puncture Wounds.


Common Causes:

  • Injuries from pointed objects like nails, glass, pens or needles.
  • Animal Bites “Fangs or pointed teeth may cause puncture wounds
  • Unsafe play habits with long or pointed objects

Prevention:

  • Wear PPE or Personal Protective Equipment when available
  • Stay away from unfamiliar or wild animals
  • Implement safe play habits with children and adults to avoid injuries such as “running with scissors
  • Wear Proper footwear outdoors at work or at play
  • Nails sticking out from boards should be removed and sweep up broken glass either inside or outside “Animals and Children can easily be exposed to sharp objects hidden in grass

What it Looks Like:

    • A hole in the skin where the object penetrated or went through.
    • Possible Bruising around a wound with a depressed pointed center.
    • Bleeding, depending on the size of the object and depth of penetration.

How to Help:

  1. Check the area, once the area is safe, Check the person and ensure the persons ABC’s are present “Airway / Breathing / CirculationREMEMBERWear gloves if available to avoid bodily fluids.
  2. Call 911 if you suspect the injuries could be severe or if there is “Animal Attack“.
  3. Care for the Puncture Wound by:
  • If the wound is bleeding place “Direct Pressure on the wound with “dressings until the bleeding stops
  • After the bleeding stops and there is no risk of further opening the wound “rinse with cool clean water for roughly 5 minutes” add soap if the person is comfortable to do so *Avoid fragrant soaps or soaps with grit*
  • Antibiotic ointments or creams may be applied once the bleeding has stopped. Follow the directions recommended by a pharmacists and check the “5 Rights of Medications” **Always ask the person if they have allergies or sensitivity to antibiotics such as penicillin, if so Do NOT apply the ointment**

In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!


Swoop into First Aid and give a breath of Life, let first aid training in Edmonton be your Saving Grace.


#PunctureWound #FirstAidTrainingCourse #BasicLifeSupportBLSforHCP #H2SAliveCourse #BCLScours

Wound Care – Part 2 “Cuts & Scrapes”

 For our second part of Wound Care lets focus on one of the most common injuries we sustain on a daily basis, whether it be from a paper cut, road rash or even snipping with a bread knife wounds happen almost every day. Lets look at how we can help someone with a cuta wound where the skin has been split open or torn away with either jagged or smooth edges“, or a scrapea wound where the skin has been rubbed or scraped away“.

Common Causes:

  • Dull knives or improper safety technique during cutting
  • Falling or impacting on an abrasive surface
  • Contact with dull, abrasive or sharp object with force enough to rub or scrape the skin away.

What to Look for: 

  • Skin pealed away
  • Bleeding
  • Pain & Tenderness
  • Raised or swollen area with potentially broken skin

How to Help:

  1. Check the area, once the area is safe, Check the person and ensure the persons ABC’s are present “Airway / Breathing / Circulation
  2.  Call 911 if you suspect the injuries could be severe.
  3.  Care for the scrape or cut by: -*REMEMBER* Put your gloves on if there is bodily fluids.
  • Wash the wound with soap & clean cool water. 
  • If possible rinse the wound with cool clean running water for up to five minutes to help reduce infection & bleeding. Once the wound is clean and if bleeding persists apply “Direct Pressure” on the wound until the bleeding stops, if the blood soaks through the dressing ADD more dressings on top
  • Do not remove blood soaked bandages as they are already assisting in clotting the wound. If bleeding persists seek further medical attention. 
  • Antibiotic ointments or creams may be applied once the bleeding has stopped. Follow the directions recommended by a pharmacists and check the “5 Rights of Medications **Always ask the person if they have allergies or sensitivity to antibiotics such as penicillin, if so “Do NOT apply the ointment**
  • Cover the wound with a non-stick sterile dressing if available or bandage.

If there is substantial amount of dirt or contaminant’s within the wound, the injured person should seek further medical attention to avoid the risk of infection.


Stitches:

  • Any wound that needs “Stitches” should be assessed and stitched by a trained medical professional as soon as possible “Golden Hour Rule” wounds should be assessed and stitched within an hour if possible to avoid complications, stitches help speed healing, reduce chance of infection and leave a less noticeable scar.

A wound may need to be stitched if:

  • The wound is more than 2 1/2 cm or 1inch long
  • Edges of the wound do not fall together
  • The wound is near a joint or on the hands or feet
  • The wound is on the face

In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!


Swoop into First Aid and give a breath of Life, let first aid training in Edmonton be your Saving Grace.


#FirstAidTraningCourse‬ ‪#BasicLifeSupportBLSforHCP‬ ‪#H2SAliveCourse#BCLScourse