Basic Life Support Training in your area

Welcome!

We want to help, our Pre-Requisite courses for Health Care Professionals are in full swing to get you prepared for your next practical experience placement, like our Standard First Aid or Basic Life Support Provider CPR class through the Heart & Stroke Foundation.

-GOOD NEWS-

We’re Open and Better than ever!

Saving Grace Medical Academy has been a long time supporter of education, to continue our goals of higher education we have moved into the “Fulton Place School” in support of the Edmonton Public School Board. What better way to support education and our future than by supporting our very own local Edmonton Public School Board.

New Location

Fulton Place Edmonton Public School

10310 – 56 St NW, Edmonton, Ab, Ca

Classroom #2

We have new courses to help you get the education you need and certificates when you need them. If you are a #NursingStudent, #MedicalStudent ,#MedicalProfessional or any #HealthCareProfessional that is required to maintain Basic Life Support Provider CPR “BLS”, Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support “ACLS” or even Standard First Aid certificates for the Work Force, we have you covered.

As we continue to support education and our future health care professionals our primary in class training focus has been to provide Standard First Aid + BLS Provider training for the next level of future Nursing Students. This course is required for all students going into EMR, EMT, Nursing, and for practicum training with a current deadline of the end of August for your first semester.

While the training has changed at AHS “Alberta Health Services” from an in class educational platform, to a now online review and in house TEST for BLS Provider, we have not forgotten about you! We are still offering in class training for Basic Life Support Provider CPR & AED, ACLS Provider, Standard First Aid and even Red Cross Standard First Aid to ensure you get what you need, when you need it. Our class sizes are limited to ensure the safety of all in attendance and with this in mind we have the alternative online training methods available as well to reduce in class time (BLS 60 Blended Online, ACLS Blended Online, and Red Cross Blended – Online) are now options for you to help with your busy lifestyle.

In Class Training is still a GO!

We are now offering in class training for:

Heart & Stroke Foundation

  • Basic Life Support Provider CPR
  • BLS Renewal
  • BLS 60 Blended / Online
  • Standard First Aid + Basic Life Support Provider
  • Standard First Aid Renewal
  • Advanced Life Support ACLS
  • ACLS Renewal
  • ACLS Blended / Online

Canadian Red Cross

  • Standard First Aid CPR-C & AED “Blended 1 Day In Class Course”

Covid-19 Friendly Courses “Blended / Online Training”

To keep your students safe and continue to provide them the highest quality of training even during a pandemic, we are continuing to maintain our “Online Training Courses”, this reduces time in class and also gives us a fall back if another lock down were to occur, our students can relax in safety from home and still receive the education they need!

Heart & Stroke Foundation

  • Basic Life Support Provider 60 Blended Online
  • Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support Blended Online

Canadian Red Cross

  • Standard First Aid CPR-C & AED ” Blended Online”

The Pandemic VS Education

Many schools have been adversely affected by the Covid-19 Pandemic, with social distancing guidelines, cleaning guidelines, isolation guidelines and lack of supplies to maintain proper sterilization equipment we understood why so many businesses, functions, social gatherings and schools had closed.

We support Edmonton Public Schools

We have new procedures, new courses, a new classroom and all the Covid-19 Pandemic supplies to maintain a cheerful, fun, educational and safe environment for Students of all ages

For more details on the courses we have to help you get back on track, please visit us at

SAVING GRACE MEDICAL ACADEMY

Getting you the courses you need, when you need them!

Symptoms of chronic Alcohol exposure:

Symptoms of chronic Alcohol exposure:

Today we wanted to address some information that we have come across about Alcohol exposure. There are many different scientific experiments and documents that show that alcohol can and does have some benefits, but also has some serious drawbacks.

First, lets take a look at what many people believe:

  • – “A glass of wine or beer a day is healthy”
  • – “I don’t get drunk so I’m not an alcoholic”
  • – “I don’t need it, it just helps me sleep”
  • – “I only use it socially, I don’t need it, I can quit any time I want”
  • – “Its not a “mind altering drug” so I don’t see what the big deal is”

Some of these phrases you might have heard before, and yes according to many “Health Authorities” there can be some benefits. If you simply Google “Health benefits of a glass of beer/wine a day” you will probably get answers like the following:

A glass of Beer a day:

beer may be as effective at improving general heart health as wine at comparable alcohol levels

Here are eight reasons why.

  • Beer is more nutritious than other alcoholic drinks. …
  • Beer can help protect your heart. …
  • Beer helps prevent kidney stones. …
  • Beer lowers bad cholesterol. …
  • Beer strengthens your bones. …
  • Beer helps reduce stress. …
  • Beer may help improve memory. …
  • Beer helps cognitive function.

A glass of Wine a day:

Research suggests that drinking an occasional glass of red wine is good for you. It provides antioxidants, may promote longevity, and can help protect against heart disease and harmful inflammation, among other benefits. Interestingly, red wine likely has higher levels of antioxidants than white wine.

10 Health Benefits of Red Wine

#1. Rich in antioxidants.

#2. Lowers bad cholesterol.

#3. Keeps heart healthy.

#4. Regulates blood sugar.

#5. Reduces the risk of cancer.

#6. Helps treat common cold.

#7. Keeps memory sharp.

#8. Keeps you slim.

But…… What is the truth in his information? Is it actually good for me or can it cause me harm? The key like anything we look up, is “MODERATION“.

The True Science:

Health Authorities recommend “At MOST” 1 drink/day for women (MAX of 2), 2 drinks a day for men (MAX of 3). MAXIMUM of 10 a week for women and 15 a week for for men. The reason? Female genetic design allows women to absorb 1/3 more of alcohol than men do in a negative way, this is due to a lower volume of ADH “Alcohol dehydrogenase” the hormone that breaks down alcohol. ADH is also reduced by, fasting/intermittent fasting/irregular eating habits/poor dietary habits/genetic predispositions that lowers your ability to regulate alcohol effects, this can amplify the effects of alcohol and lead to some of the following.

Chronic Alcohol Exposure:

“Long term effects of alcohol abuse include the following but can include more.”

  • -Bladder, kidney, pancreas, and prostate damage
  • -Bone deterioration and osteoporosis
  • -Brain disease, central nervous system damage, and strokes
  • -Deterioration of the testicles and adrenal glands
  • -Diabetes “Type 2 or non-insulin dependent
  • -Gout “due to pancreatic damage” leading to deformed/damaged joints
  • -Disease of the muscles of the heart
  • -Fertilization and sexual impotence in men “enlarged male breasts
  • -Impaired memory and balance
  • -Increased risks of death from all causes
  • -Malnutrition
  • -Non-viral hepatitis
  • -Severe psychological depression and paranoia
  • -Skin rashes and sores
  • -Ulcers and inflammation of the stomach and intestines.

This list is by no means all-inclusive. Alcohol abuse exerts direct toxic effects on all filters within the body.

With any substance that we encounter through our day to day lives, it is important to weight the health benefits of such exposure. Weigh the pro’s and cons of anything, look up the information on your own and decide from multiple sources the impact it can have on your life. We want to keep you healthy, safe and improve your life. For more information on alcohol and its effects consult your local medical professional group.

Remember if you need help: protect yourself, call for help, don’t waste time. Learn Basic Life Support Today and Save a Life Tomorrow with Saving Grace Medical Academy ltd.

What is Gout?

What is Gout?

Gout is a painful condition similar to arthritis involving the joints as the body is subjected to an imbalance of Uric Acid build up. The joints are the most commonly affected part of the body, especially the big toes and knee’s. When the big toes are involved it is known as “Podagra”. Uric Acid can also be deposited in the kidneys and urinary tract causing “Kidney Stones”, if left untreated this can also lead to “Kidney Damage”.

Progressive gout can cause bone deterioration and deformity of the extremities. When someone has many attacks over years, Tophaceous gout can develop. “Tophaceous Gout” means that a large amounts of Uric Acid crystals have accumulated into masses called “Tophi” aka “Toe-fi”. Tophi are visible and/or can be felt in the soft tissues over joints “Looking like large Cysts or Blisters on the joints”, this is especially common on fingers, hands, elbows, feet, and Achilles tendons. They can even have a white or yellow substance inside which could be drained when inflamed by medical professionals.

  • What causes Gout?

Gout is caused by a defect or damage to your renal system or commonly known as your Urinary System “Two Kidneys, Two Ureters, a Urethra and a Bladder”, this damage causes an abundance of “uric acid” to be formed. When we eat foods high in purines, the body breaks down the purines by creating uric acid, an over abundance of uric acid then can cause a painful condition involving the joints similar to arthritis as the body then accumulates uric acid unable to excrete it fast enough through normal bladder channels. About a third of those who produce high levels of Uric Acid will develop Gout, however it is not known why some people develop symptoms and others do not. Once the Uric Acid is in the blood stream it can form sharp, needle like crystals that are deposited in the joints, tendons, and surrounding tissues.

  • Risk Factors also include:
  1. Etiology “the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation”
  2. Obesity
  3. High Blood Pressure

Pathobiology “The branch of biology that deals with pathology

  1. Injury or recent surgery
  2. Fasting or Overeating “Irregular eating habits”
  3. Consuming excessive amounts of Alcohol on a regular basis.
  4. Diets high in meat, shellfish, and beverages sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup
  5. Taking medications that increase blood levels of uric acid “Diuretics”

Pathology “the science of the causes and effects of diseases

  • Renal Defect “Defects to your Kidneys, Uriters, Bladder or Urethra”

Diagnosis

Gout can be diagnosed by confirming and identification of monosodium urate crystals in synovial fluid of the affected joint or tissue. The Fluid is drawn from the affected joint to look for the uric acid crystals and often clinicians will treat the gout when there are both classic symptoms and high levels of uric acid in the blood. X-rays of the affected joint may also show calcium-containing crystal deposits in the cartilage and further options may be discussed with your physician on treatment.

  • Symptoms of GOUT

Symptoms of “Acute Gout” are sudden, severe joint pain with redness, swelling, and tenderness of the joint. The joint may feel quite warm to the touch and even throb.

Pain in your big toes

Pain in your knees, ankles, wrists and or elbows

Intense pain that strikes in the middle of the night “Knees and lower extremities are often the first to strike”

Pain that occurs in flares: rapidly worsens, then starts to ease up in the joints.

Strange lumps and bumps around your joints

Kidney Stones

Distortion of joints along fingers and toes “Tophi Gout”

  • Complications

Rapidly progressing “Osteoarthritis” can occur due to wearing down joint cartilage, bone cysts or spurs, and even fractures may occur with prolonged gout flairs.

  • Pseudo gout – Like Gout, pseudo gout is a form of arthritis that causes sudden joint pain and swelling. The “Pseudo” part means that it looks like something else. The term Pseudo Gout is used because this is very similar to gout, while gout is caused by “uric acid crystals” pseudo gout is caused by “calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate crystals CPPD. Though the two have similar symptoms, treatment is somewhat different.

Pseudo gout causes sudden attacks of joint pain, swelling, and warmth of the flesh in the affected area and even fever. The attacks can last for days to weeks. The knee is the most commonly affected but it can also affect the ankles, feet, shoulders, elbows, wrists or hands “any joint”. CPPD crystals can also be deposited in the joint cartilage and never cause symptoms.

Treatments of Gout

There is “no” treatment that can “completely” remove or prevent the formation of calcium pyrophosphate dehydrate crystals CPPD “The pain causing calcium crystals in the joints” caused by Pseudo-Gout . Treatments for Gout and Pseud-Gout are generally aimed at reducing pain, swelling and the cause.

Medications

  1. Acute Gout – May be treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDS, cortico-steroids
  2. – Colchicine – Often used by people who cannot tolerate NSAIDS. Colchicine can have significant side effects based on the dose used. These side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.
  3. -Steroids “Prednisone” – Used in people who cannot take NSAIDS’s or Colchicine. Prednisone is associated with an increased risk of a recurrent gout attack.
  4. -Other Medications like “Politicise “Krystexxa”, Probenecid, Xanthine oxidase inhibitors or Haloperidol “Zyloprim” or febuxostat “uloric” may be prescribed by your physician. Please consult your doctor for more information.
  5. – Serum urate-lowering therapy “Talk to your physician about this option”

Prophylactic Therapy – “Medicine or course of action used to prevent disease

  • Prophylactic Therapy is used to prevent or reduce the number of acute Gout attacks. It is used when someone has repeated gout attacks, or has already had joint damage or developed tophi.

Long-Term treatment is aimed at lowering the level of uric acid in the blood so that crystals do not form. Colchicine is often used at low doses for a period of time while drugs that lower uric acid levels are started. “Allopurinol” is one of the most commonly used long term drugs. Allopurinol prevents the formation of uric acid, however it can have side effects including “rash, low white blood cell counts, diarrhea and fever”.

For more information please consult your local physician for options that will suite you body’s needs.

Lifestyle

  1. Obesity is a strong risk factor for developing gout or having an acute gout attack. This risk is especially high in those with known cardiovascular disease CVD.
  2. Dietary changes can reduce the frequency of attacks

Reduce

  • – Avoiding “Red Meat”, including wild game
  • – Avoiding particular seafood especially “shellfish and large salt water fish”
  • – Decrease intake of “Saturated Fats”
  • – Reduce Alcohol Consumption – Alcohol especially “Beer” interferes with the body’s natural ability to eliminate uric acid from the body.
  • – Avoiding foods and beverages containing “high-fructose corn syrup”
  • – Joint immobilization – Patients may be advised to avoid weight bearing “walking or running” if the legs or feet are involved and to limit activity for a period of time to minimize pain and swelling. A splint may be used temporarily to limit movement.

Increase

  • – Increased dietary protein from “low-fat” dairy products
  • – Increase intake of “whole grains, brown rice, oats or beans
  • – Coffee Moderate use “may decrease blood uric acid levels”
  • – Vitamin C 500mg daily has a mild effect on lowering uric acid levels
  • – Cherries, blueberries, purple grapes, and raspberries have also been found to be beneficial at lowering uric acid levels and promoting a healthy renal system.
  • – Weight loss significantly reduces the risk of Gout

Support for Gout

For more information please consult your local physician or visit your local online medical group dedicated to Gout.

If your symptoms get worse at any time or you notice new symptoms from the list above, call your doctor or Health Link “811 in Alberta”. You can also call the “Health Link Alberta 24/7 if you have questions about C.Diff or any of the information in this handout.

This material is for information purposes only. It should not be used in place of medical advice, instruction, and/or treatment. If you have questions, speak to your doctor or appropriate healthcare provider.

In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!

Learn First Aid Today, Save a Life Tomorrow, let Basic Life Support training in Edmonton be your Saving Grace

What is SIDS “Sudden Infant Death Syndrome?

SIDS “Sudden Infant Death Syndrome”

What is SIDS “Sudden Infant Death Syndrome?

– SIDS “Sudden Infant Death Syndrome” is defined as a sudden unexplained death before 1 year of age. The death usually occurs in a previously healthy infant, and the cause of death remains unexplained despite a thorough investigation , including a complete autopsy, death scene investigation, and review of the clinical history.

In May of 2022 a news article was published with the tag “We have found the Cause of SIDS”. Sadly, this was a little premature as the researches enter the preliminary stages of their testing and data.

The study in question, published May 6 in the journal EBioMedicine, was fairly straightforward. Carmel Harrington, a sleep medicine specialist at the Children’s Hospital in Westmead, Australia, tested for levels of the enzyme butyrylcholinesterase in the blood. She and two co-authors thought the enzyme might play a role in SIDS. Sure enough, in dried blood spots that had been taken in the first day or two of life, they found that in 67 infants who later died of SIDS, levels of the enzyme were on average only 73 percent as high as in children who died of other causes.

The finding makes sense because the enzyme plays an important role in regulating the autonomic nervous system, which controls breathing, heart rate and other basic bodily functions. Infants who die of SIDS are believed to have a dysfunctional autonomous nervous system: When their blood-oxygen level dips during sleep, they remain still, rather than gasping, crying, arching their backs and otherwise making sure they get enough air.

But the study was small, and the finding on low butyrylcholinesterase levels in SIDS was the first time such an observation has been made. Doctors say, therefore, that it has to be replicated in a larger group before they will take it seriously.

Additionally, researchers say, while the lower level of the enzyme in SIDS infants was statistically significant by one measure, it was not significant by another, more common statistical test, so the association could be due purely to chance.

“I would love for this to be true,” said Jose Javier Otero, MD, PhD, associate professor and director of neuropathology at Ohio State University’s College of Medicine, where he researches potential biomarkers for SIDS. “It’s what everybody would like to have: something simple you can test in the blood. That’s why it’s exciting. But whether or not it’s true is very much up in the air.”

But…. Don’t discourage yourself after reading this update, there is a strong correlation in SIDS and “low butyrylcholinesterase levels”, the research will continue and the research teams believe that they are now looking in the right direction for answers. With some more funding, research and public attention the research team believes that they may have more within this year to back their findings.

  • “Here is what we know to be Scientific Research so far on SIDS”

What causes SIDS?

Unfortunately “Doctors do not know what causes SIDS”. It seems to happen more often in premature and low-birth-weight babies however. It also is seen more often in babies who’s mothers didn’t get medical care during the pregnancy and in babies who’s mothers smoke. SIDS may also be more likely in babies who were part of a multiple pregnancy “twins for example” or who’s mothers are younger than 20.

SIDS has also been associated with a sleep period but is unpredictable. It is often referred to as a “diagnosis of exclusion” because it is determined only after ruling out other causes of death, including suffocation, infection, or other illnesses.

SIDS is also “not” the cause of every sudden infant death. Each year in North America thousands of infants tragically die suddenly of no immediate or obvious cause. These deaths are classified as SUID.

SUID “Sudden Unexplained Infant Death” includes all unexpected deaths. These deaths without a clear cause, such as SIDS, and those from a known cause, such as accidental suffocation. Many unexpected infant deaths are accidents, but a disease or another external factor, such as poisoning or neglect, can also cause an infant to die unexpectedly. One-half of SUID cases are SIDS.

Sleep-Related causes of infant death” – These deaths are not SIDS – These causes are linked to how or where a baby sleeps or slept, accidental suffocation, entrapment “trapped between two objects ie: Mattress / Wall” , strangulation or when something presses on or wraps around the baby’s neck blocking the baby’s airway.

Risk Factors:

Age: “Birth 0 – 6 Months”

SIDS has “NO” symptoms or warning signs, babies who die from SIDS seem healthy before being put to bed, they will show “NO” signs of struggle and are often found in the same position as when they were placed in bed.

While the cause of SIDS is unknown, many physicians and researchers believe that SIDS is associated with problems in the ability of the Baby to arouse from sleep, to detect low levels of Oxygen or a build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood. When babies sleep face down, they may re-breathe exhaled carbon dioxide. Normally, rising carbon dioxide levels activates nerve cells in the brain stem, which stimulate the brain’s respiratory and arousal centers “Provoking a movement response to clear the airway”, a Baby will “wake up” turn its head and breath faster to get more oxygen. SIDS may cause the baby to fail to wake.

  • Babies who sleep on their stomach or their sides rather than their back.
  • Overheating while sleeping “Febrile Seizures, Coma, Death”
  • Too soft a sleeping surface, with fluffy blankets or toys.
  • Smoking During Pregnancy “Smoking During pregnancy increases the likelihood of SIDS by three times” This also includes “Tobacco , Marijuana or Illicit Drugs
  • Exposure to passive smoke “Second Hand Smoke” This also doubles the chances for SIDS
  • Young mothers under 20
  • Babies born to mothers who had little, late or no prenatal care
  • Premature or low birth weight babies
  • Hereditary factors like siblings who have died of SIDS
  • Co-Sleeping or Sharing the same sleeping surface “such as a bed” with an individual other than a parent or sharing the same sleeping bed with an individual who is overly tired, under the influence of alcohol / drugs or overweight.
  • The infant has underlying birth defects “ie: brain stem” that make the baby unable to respond to low oxygen or high carbon dioxide blood levels.

Diagnosis

A physician will name SIDS as the cause of death “only” when no other cause is found. To find out why a baby died, medical experts will review the baby’s and parents medical histories, study the area where the baby died and combine an in depth medical exam “autopsy” to find the true cause. If no cause can be determined it will be declared as SIDS / SUDS.

Prevention

Medical professionals have linked many preventative techniques in reducing the risk of SIDS / SUDS. For more information or details on how you can reduce the risk for your baby please consult your local Pediatrician.

The most important thing you can do is to “Always place your baby to sleep on his or her back” rather than on the stomach or side.

  • Don’t smoke while you are pregnant, and don’t expose your baby to second hand smoke after your baby is born.
  • For the first 6 months have your baby sleep in a crop, cradle, or bassinet in the same room where you sleep. It is a safer sleeping arrangement than sharing a bed. Many families choose to “Co-Sleep or Bed-hare” or find that they end up bed-haring even if they do not plan to do so. Bed-sharing should be discussed with your pediatrician.
  • Reduce your use of alcohol or recreational medications such as drugs. If you smoke or have used alcohol, drugs, or medications that can alter your sleep pattern “Sedatives” bed-sharing is especially risky and should be avoided.
  • Never sleep with a baby on a couch or armchair, and it is “not safe” to place your baby on a couch to sleep. The safest place for a baby is in a crib, cradle, or bassinet that meets safety standards and has a firm mattress.
  • Car Seats – Some babies fall asleep while traveling in a car seat. Keep an eye on a baby sleep in in a car and take your baby out of the car seat frequently during long trips and when you reach your destination. Babies should “not” be left to sleep in a car seat, stroller, baby swing, sling or bouncer seat because their airway may become restricted.
  • Toys / Accessories” Keep soft items and loose bedding out of the crib. Items such as blankets, stuffed animals, toys or pillows could suffocate or trap your baby. Dress your baby in sleepers instead of using blankets or provide a small enough blanket that can easily be kicked off.
  • Crib” Make sure the crib mattress is “Firm not soft” with a fitted sheet. Do “not” use bumper pads or other products that attach to crib slats or sides. They could suffocate your baby.
  • Keep the room temperature comfortable so that your baby can sleep in lightweight clothing without a blanket if need be. To gauge this, the temperature is about right if an adult can wear a long sleeved T-shirt and pants without feeling cold. Your baby is likely too hot if they sweat or toss and turn a lot.
  • Breastfeed your baby if possible – Breastfed babies have a lower chance of SIDS / SUDS.
  • Consider giving your baby a pacifier at nap time and bedtime. Experts do not know why, though babies who bottle feed to sleep or use a pacifier are at lower risk for SIDS.

– NOTE –

There is no sure way to prevent SIDS, and no test can predict weather a baby is likely to die of SIDS. “Do not” rely on breathing “apnea” monitors, special mattresses, or other devices marketed as a way to reduce your baby’s risk for SIDS. “NONE” of these items have been proved to lower the risk of SIDS and the Public Health Agency of Canada and other experts “do not” advise their use.

Remember SIDS is rare. Be as safe as you can, but don’t let fear keep you from enjoying your baby.

If you have a caregiver or baby sitter, ensure they know all the steps to protecting the child from sudden events that could harm them.

– Above all else – If your Baby tragically is lost to SIDS “You are NOT to blame

  • Do not hesitate to seek emotional support or grief counseling, join a support group or even rely on family to help support you through this tragic loss. For a list of local Emotional and Mental Health links contact “211” in Alberta for a free access to the Mental Health Link.

If your have worries or wish to speak with a medical practitioner about concerns call your doctor or Health Link “811 in Alberta”. You can also call the “Health Link Alberta 24/7 if you have questions about SIDS or any of the information in this handout.

This information was taken From Health Link British Columbia SIDS Information slip, American Pediatric Society, US Department of Health & Human Services, Infant Death Investigation Foundation, Stollery Children’s Hospital, Boston Children’s Hospital.

This material is for information purposes only. It should not be used in place of medical advice, instruction, and/or treatment. If you have questions, speak to your doctor or appropriate healthcare provider.

In any emergency just remember to Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!

Learn Basic Life Support Today & Save a Life Tomorrow, let first aid training in Edmonton be your Saving Grace.

#SIDS #BLS