CPR “Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation “Infant / Baby”
How to Perform CPR “Part 3 of 3”
“CPR on an Infant is Perfectly Safe! You will NOT hurt your infant, Not doing CPR may lead to the death of the Infant”
In our last post we focused on the basic information you would need to know about CPR and how its performed. For this Post we will focus giving you the “Step by Step CPR Guide”. This guideline is for the “General Public” for the Health Care Provider we will have a post later on dedicated to the new standards set by ILCOR, The Heart & Stroke Foundation, and the Basic Life Support CPR-C for HCP’s Health Care Providers guidelines.
- – Can CPR hurt my baby? – Answer = NO, CPR is perfectly safe, you will not hurt your child, Not doing CPR may lead to the death of the infant however.
- – Can I break ribs by doing CPR? – Answer = In an Infant it is “Rare” that you would break ribs, remember they are still developing and their bones are still somewhat pliable, be sure to push Hard and Fast to a depth of 1/3rd the depth of the chest and don’t stop until help arrives!
- – How much air should I give them? – Answer = While giving a breath by either “Mouth to Mouth or by using a pocket mask” remember to Head tilt Chin lift to a neutral position of the head that makes the infant look like they are “sniffing“, seal up your lips over both the nose and mouth and give a breath “just enough” to see a baby size chest rise. Stop when you feel resistance as the volume needed for an infants lungs is about the volume within your own mouth, also if you feel resistance check the mouth to see if there are obstructions, you may discover “why” your infant has stopped breathing, if you can see the object “Carefully remove it” NEVER perform a blind finger sweep, you may push the object deeper and make the situation worse.
In any Emergency remember to:
- 1) Protect yourself “Make sure its safe before helping“
- 2) Call 911 “Get your Paramedic Partners going“
- 3) Don’t Waste Time “Each second without oxygen can cause brain damage, don’t waste it wondering what to do, just help“
If the Baby / Infant is “Not breathing” and has gone unconscious for any reason “START CPR, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation”
CPR “Infant / Baby”
- 1) Start CPR by:
- – Place one hand on the forehead to maintain an open airway with a slight head tilt chin lift “like the baby is sniffing”
- -Place 2 fingers on the middle of the chest just below the nipples.
- – Push Hard / Push Fast “DO 30 Compression’s in a row at a rough depth of 4cm’s or 1 1/2 inch allowing the chest to recoil or raise up to the top after each compression.
2) Give two Breaths by:
- – If you have a pocket mask “Use it now” or:
- – Open the airway by using the “Head-tilt / Chin lift technique
- – Seal your lips tightly over the baby’s “Mouth & Nose“
- – Give two “baby size” breaths, taking about 1 second per breath with just enough volume to make the chest rise up.
3) If your breaths go in:
- – Repeat the cycle of 30 chest compression’s and 2 breaths
- – If your breaths do NOT go in: Repeat the cycle of 30 chest compression’s and before giving the next 2 breaths look into the mouth for obstructions. “Choking in infants is very common” remove the object if you see it then continue with 30 compression’s & 2 Breaths.
4) Continue CPR until:
- – The scene is no longer safe to be in
- – More advanced care arrives.
- – An A.E.D arrives and has told you to stop.
- – You have become physically unable to continue.
- – The victim starts to breath normally on their own.
We never know what can happen, its always good to be prepared and have the knowledge we need to help those who need it.
“This material is for information purposes only and is taken from The Canadian Red Cross / Alberta Heart & Stroke Foundation & Alberta Health Services. This information should not be used in place of medical, Technical advice, instructor, and/or treatment. If you have questions, speak to your local Physician or Safety Training Facility.”
Protect Yourself!!! Call 911!!! Don’t Waste Time!!!